Dunmore East is a small fishing village on the south-east coast of Ireland, 16kms from the city of Waterford.It sits on the western side of the Waterford Harbour Estuary, 4.8kms from Hook Head in Wexford.
Dunmore East, Co. Waterford, Ireland
Patrick Power was born at Callaghane, three miles from Waterford, on 8th March, 1862. He was educated at
Ballygunner National School, the Catholic University School, Waterford, and St. John's College, Waterford. He was
ordained in 1883 and for three years he worked on temporary mission in Liverpool. Being threatened with tuberculosis,
he went to Australia, where he spent seven years in the diocese of Wilcania-Forbes, being Rector successively of
Cobar, Bourke and Wilcania, New South Wales. He came into contact with the aborigines; and it as probably in
Australia that his interest in archaeology was first developed. On his return to Waterford he was attached to the
Cathedral for three years; he then successively became Diocesan Inspector of Schools, Chaplain to the De la Salle
Training College, and Curate at Portlaw. About 1900 he published a Manual of Religious Instruction, which ran to thirty
editions and was used extensively in this country during the first two decades of the century; it appears to be still in use
in Australia. His interest in place-names, ecclesiastical antiquities and archaeology soon became more than a paragon
or hobby. He made extensive explorations throughout Waterford. Even in his student days he published in local papers
articles on Waterford history. For many years he was editor of the Journal of the Waterford and South-East Ireland
archaeological Society. In addition to numerous articles he published the following books:-
Celtic Crosses of Kilkiernan, Kilklispeen and Killamery (N.D.)
Chapel of St. Finbarr, University College, (N.D.)
The “Rian Bó Phádraig” (1903)
Place Names of the Decies (1907)
Donnchadh Rua Mac Namara (1911)
Dunbrody Abbey (1911)
Parochial History of Waterford (1912)
Lives of Saints Declan and Mochuda (1913)
Place Names and Antiquities of South East Cork (1917-18)
Ardmore Deugláin (1919)
Prehistoric Ireland (1922)
Early Christian Ireland (1925)
Ancient Topography of Fermoy (1931)
Ardmore: Its founder and Early Christian Memorials (1931)
A Bishop of the Penal Times (1932)
The Ogham Stones, University College, Cork (1932)
Short History of County Waterford (1933)
Aran of the Saints (1935)
Waterford and Lismore: A Compendious History of the United Dioceses (1937)
The Cathedral Parish of Holy Trinity, Waterford (1940)
St. John's and Ballygunner (1942)
From 1910 to 1931 he gave lectures on Archaeology in Maynooth. He became associated with University College, Cork,
and in 1915 he succeeded Sir Bertram Windle as Professor of Archaeology a post which he held until his retirement in
1932. In 1926 the National University of Ireland awarded him the degree of D.Litt. From personal experience I can
certify that Canon Power was a most agreeable colleague, with old-world courtesy and unfailing gentleness. He was
most unworldly, devoting all of his scanty means to the purchase of books and manuscripts. Barring his interest in
horticulture, he was devoted solely to his subject, retaining his studious habits even to the last. At the same time one
never forgot that he was a saintly priest, firm but unostentatious in his faith. Visiting him in the summer of 1950, an old
friend found him seated in a secluded corner of his garden, his long rosary trailing through his fingers. The Canon
brought him into his book-filled sitting-room and pointed to a pile of manuscripts on the table. “There,” he said, “is the
new edition of the Place Names of the Decies. It has cost me my eyesight; I am no longer able to read. I am handing
the material to Liam Ó Míodhacháin of Ring for final revision.” So the present book is the last work of this old scholar of
eighty-nine. He died on 16th October, 1951. The publication of this edition has been made possible by the financial aid
contributed by friends and admirers. 4th November, 1952. Alfred O’Rahilly University College Cork.
BARONY OF GAULTIER
GAULTIER (Gaill-Tír - “Dane Country” or “Foreigners’ land”) was so called from its occupation by a non-Celtic
population. The term Gall was, at one period of our history, synonymous with “Dane” or “Norwegian” and at another with
“Englishman.” In modern usage the word is largely restricted to the latter sense, while “Lochlannach” is applied to the
Dane of history. It is wonderful, by the way, how little the Dane has left his impress on the land names of the Barony he
made his own. Gaultier, as a local denomination, dates approximately from the expulsion of the Ostmen of Waterford
from the city on the arrival of the English. The first care of the new-comers was to hang Reginald, ruler of Waterford, for
having placed iron chains across the river to bar the progress of the invading fleet, and their second - to drive out the
Danish inhabitants, one Gerald McGilmore alone excepted. A particular district outside the walls was assigned the
dispossessed citizens - whence the “Cantred of the Danes” of later times, and the “Osmanstown of Waterford” (Plea-roll
of Edward 11. 1384).
The parish takes its name from Ballygunner townland on which the Church (now in ruins) stood. This church, it is evident
from TheinerTP87PT, was originally dedicated to a St. Mochorog, Confessor, whom we may safely regard as its founder.
Mochorog, like many of the early church founders of our eastern and south- eastern seaboard, appears to have been a
Briton, and son of Branchan, a British prince. At any rate such was the reputed nationality and parentage of the Saint
Mochorog who is honoured at Delgany, Co. WicklowTP88PT. This Mochorog of Delgany is stated to have assisted St.
Kevin when the latter lay dying. In post-invasion times a change of patrons was somehow effected in our Church, for the
survival of the ancient “pattern” on September 8PthP is proof that at the Reformation period the Blessed Virgin was
titular. For description of the ruined church and its graveyard see Journal of R.S.A.I., Vol. I., 5th Series, p.481. In the
Down Survey Map the parish is named Ballygunner Temple and the church appears to have been in repair at the date
of the survey. Amongst the crops grown in the parish in 1846 are mentioned peas, beans, and flax.TP89PT
BALLYGUNNER - Baile Mhic Gonair (in three parts: - “B. Mór,” “B. an Chaisleáin,” “B. an Teampaill” respectively) -
“Town (or Homestead) of Gonar’s Son.” It is probably Dun Fan Connrath, in Waterford vicinity referred to by Dr. Todd
(“Wars of the Gaedhil”, Introduction p.cxxxix). Crowning a pleasant eminence on the townland of Ballygunnermore are
the (now) scant remains of a large lios which had souterrains within the thickness of its earthen ramparts. This is one of
our few land names which commemorate Danish occupation. There are on the townland one, now practically
demolished, circular lios of large size (O.M.) with a stone-lined subterranean chamber and one small, partly ruined
cromlech (O.M.). Ballygunnertemple is returned in the Down Survey as the property of Lord Power, and the other two
divisions of the townland as belonging to Sir Robert Walsh, Irish Papist. The Cromwellians liked good measure; they
reckoned the total area of the three divisions (including seven acres of glebe on Ballygunner Castle) at 649 acres. This,
as a matter of fact, was little more than half the real acreage. “James Walshe (father, or grandfather, presumably, of the
Sir Robert Walsh of Petty’s Survey) of Gonnestown” appears as a juror in an Inquisition of ElizabethTP90PT. The castle
(modernised) of the Walshes is still in use as a residence. A Fair of Ballygunner was held on Sept. 19PthP. Area (in
three divisions), 1212 acres. S.DD. (a) Currach Gorm - “Blue Bog (or Marsh),” a small subdivision; the name is
Anglicised - “Foxy Bog.” (b) Baile na Gaoithe - “Homestead of the Wind,” from its exposed position; a well-known sub-
division, regarded locally as practically a separate townland. (c) Cill Bhriocáin - “Brican’s Church”; site (nearly forgotten)
of a primitive church on Baile na Gaoithe. There are no remains, but the exact spot has been identified, scil: -
immediately to N.E. of surveyor’s mark 163, on Ordnance Sheet (six-inch) No. 18. (d) Aoileachán - Meaning uncertain;
probably derivative from Aol, lime; a large sub- division formerly well known by this name. (e) An Sléibhín - “The Little
Mountain.” a sub-division of 25 acres. TP87PT “Vet. Monurnenta” - Pius II., A.D. 1459. TP88PT Journal of the Royal
Society of, Antiquaries of Ireland, June, 1901, page 186. TP89PT Ordn. Survey Field Book. TP90PT Inquis. IX., Eliz.
(1567). (f) Carraigín Gheal - “Little White Rock,” on B. Castle. (g) Bóithrín na gCorp - “Little Road of the Corpses”; a
former road which led N. from the old Church on Ballygunner Temple.
BALLYMACLODE, Baile Mhic Leod - “McLeod’s Homestead.” On the townland is a comparatively late castle in ruin.
This was probably the homestead of the settler from whom the place derives its name. Ballymaclode, like Ballygunner
Temple, was in the possession of Lord Power at the date of the Cromwellian confiscation. Area, 374 acres. “Bally
McClode” (A.S.E.); “Ballemaclode” (Inquisition, temp. Eliz.) S.D. Glennacruther (0.M.), Gleann an Chruitire - “The
Harper’s Glen.” Of the ancient master of Irish melody no history or tradition whatever survives. CALLAGHAN,
Ceallachán - Meaning doubtful; apparently “Little Place Belonging to a Church”; or perhaps (and less probably) the
name is an Irish diminutive of the old English word callow - therefore “Little Wet Place.” “Callow” is still commonly used
in the Leix County to denote wettish land which is often submerged in winter and grows long coarse grass in summer.
The present townland contains a large area of bog and was mainly noted a century ago for its output of peat, hence the
epithet - (Ceallachán na Luaithe Bhuí). O’Donovan statesTP91PT that the place-name here is the personal name
Callaghan. ElsewhereTP92PT he notes that in Co. Roscommon the word Caladh designates a meadow, strath, or holm
by the margin of a river; the first syllable, however, in the present instance, is pronounced slender - i.e., Ceall.
Callahane was in the possession of John Lee, Irish Papist, previous to Cromwell’s confiscation, and the Patent and
Close Rolls of Chancery enable us to trace portion of its previous historyTP93PT. The authority quoted recites the
following alienations of the lands previous to that date. (1) James Power of Callaghane to Patrick Coppinger and
Richard Meaghe (Meade). (2) Said Coppinger and Meaghe and William, son of afore- mentioned James Power, to
William Dobbyn, his heirs, &c. (3) Said William Dobbyn and William Power to John (son of James) Sherlock and William
Walsh. Area, 447 acres. S.DD. (a) Báintín an Chaptaen - A field name. (b) Cúinne an Ghabha - “The Smith’s Angle.”
“Callahane,” (Down Survey). KNOCKBOY, Cnoc Buí, “Yellow Hill,” from the colour of the blossoming furze. The furze
has disappeared long since, and well-tilled fields occupy its place, Area, 228 acres. S.D. Tobernacnockaun (O.M.),
Tobar an Chnocáin, “Well of the Little Hill,” near N.E, extremity of the townland.
The ancient church of the parish stood about 60 yards to the S, by E. of the present Ballinakill House. Some insignificant
remains of the church are visible in the stable yard of the house in question, and part of the ancient cemetery, in which a
few families retain rights of burial, is surrounded by an enclosing wall. A considerable portion of the church building
survived till about a hundred and fifty years since.
BALLYNAKILL, Baile na Cille - “Homestead of the Church.” Area, 358 acres. “BallemcKill” (Visitation Book, T.C.D., E. 3.
14). S.DD. (a) “Weaver’s Lane” - abutting on Waterford-Dunmore road at W. End of Power’s Nursery; the name is now
almost forgotten. (b) “Ceathrú an Mhuilinn” - “Mill Quarter,” extending to some twenty or thirty acres. (c) An Tuairín - “The
Little Bawn,” a field close to the river. Tuar and its diminutive, as in present case, are of very frequent occurrence in
place- names throughout Waterford. They occur most frequently in mountain districts. Dictionaries render the word by
“bleach green,” but this explanation is evidently incorrect, or rather, insufficient. The existence of bleach greens in
mountains where nobody lives, or ever did live, cannot be admitted. Unfortunately for us, the word has fallen out of use
in Waterford otherwise than as a component of place names. O’Donovan in at least one instanceTP94PT explains it “a
green grassy patch on a mountain side” such as presence of a spring would produce, and this or some such meaning
the word must have in many instances. In the adjoining County of Cork, as well as in other Munster counties, the word
Tuar is in frequent use to denote a well-fenced night field or “bawn” for cattle. (d) “The Red Ladder,” a rock by the river
side from which an iron ladder formerly led down to the water. TP91PT Ordnance Survey Field Books (Co. Waterford),
Mountjoy Barracks. TP92PT Annals of the Four Masters, Vol. 111., p.214 (note). TP93PT Membrane 28PthP 4. Chas. I.
(1628). TP94PT Field Books, OS. “King’s Pond,” a broad, but shallow, pool by the roadside ; called from the family on
whose holding it was. “Flynnvilla,” the now obsolete name of what became the Kings homestead later.
FARRANSHONEEN, Fearann Sheoinín - “Little John’s (or Jennings’) Land.” Area, 174 acres. GRANTSTOWN, Baile an
Ghrantaigh - “Grant’s Homestead.” The Grants were an old Waterford Anglo- Irish merchant family (originally Kilkenny)
whose tomb (17PthP century) may still be seen in the French Church. When the article is used before a proper name
the latter is taken adjectively; in the present instance therefore the sense is - Homestead belonging to member of the
tribe, or family, of Grant. Area, 276 acres. S.DD. (a) Bán Dhráide - “Drawdy’s Field”; a sub-division of some fifteen
acres. The personal name from which this sub-division is called is now extinct in Waterford. (b) Bán an Bharcair,
“Barker’s Field.” The Barkers were a well-known Waterford family of Cromwellian origin. Their name is likewise
perpetuated in Barker Street, Waterford, which occupies place of the gardens of an early 17PthP century Alderman,
Samuel Barker. LITTLE ISLAND, An tOileán Beag, “The Small Island.” The island occupies the middle of the river a
couple of miles below the City of Waterford, and is identical, according to Rev. Dr. KellyTP95PT, with Inisdomhle of the
Martyrologists where St. Bairrfhinn, son of Aedh, Prince of Dublin, founded and governed a religious house. It may,
however, be laid down as practically certain that the learned hagiologist is incorrect in his identification. No trace or
tradition of church, monastery or burial ground has been brought to light by a most careful examination of the island.
Had a religious establishment of the kind attributed ever tradition of it could not have entirely died out. “Martyrology of
Donegal” expressly places Inisdomhle Cinnsealaigh (Co. Wexford). The adjective was added our island from the “Great
Island” lower down the graphically the “Little Island” would seem to belong rather than to the Decies, as the channel
separating northern mainland was formerly fordable. The ford exists for the channel has been deeply dredged. On the
island century castle of the Walshes’ which has been metamorphosed into a beautiful modern residence. Edward I.
(1284) delivered the Little Island that belonged to Robert le Poher “Walter Bp. of Meath.” Dr. O’Foley calls my attention
to Vol. 11. of Deeds, pp.59, 60, etc., to Ile Malure, Insula de Malure, etc. - the Island on the Suir, near Waterford, under
1359, and Two following years. Malure which also appears as Malour looks like a personal name and may be Danish.
On the other hand, it suggests Mo Loghoir, the name of a saint who is honoured in the Gorman, under May 11PthP. Or
may it not be the Anglo- Norman name Miler, or Maylor, still represented in the vicinity? Area, 287 acres. S.DD. (a) “The
Ford,” the river channel between and Co. Kilkenny. (b) “King’s Channel,” the deep water channel island from the Co.
Waterford mainland. (c) “Piper’s Rock,” in river on north side of the island. (d) “Golden Rock,” in river on south side of
“Golden” is here most likely a corrupt Anglicisation a shoulder. KILCOHAN, Cill Chuacháin - “Cuachan’s Church.” With
much difficulty the site of the ancient church was discovered, at the west side of the old Tramore road, close to the
bridge on boundary of the townland. Cuachan is the diminutive (or rather the endearment form) of Cuach, name of a
virgin, whose feast falls on Jan. 8PthP. She is the patroness of Kilcock, Co. Kildare. Area, 228 acres. S.D. “Yellow Ford
Bridge” (Ord. Map) - Cabhaisín Buí - “Little Yellow Ford.” There were several words for a ford. The most common are
cabhar and Áth. Cabhaisín - perhaps from the English, causeway - seems to have implied some sort of raised path
across the stream, while Áth was a more generic term. The cabhar was generally furnished with stepping-stones often
of very large size. WILLIAMSTOWN, Baile Uilliam- “William’s Homestead.” Area, 549 acres. S.DD.- Carraig an Bhuidéil
- “Bottle Rock” - (perhaps from its shape); a rock outcrop now partly quarried away for road metal. (b) Poll na Bríce -
“Brick Hollow” ; a few small fields in which, judging from the name, bricks were once made; no memory however, or
even tradition, of the industry survives. (c) “Bottomy” -the (presumably) modern name applied contemptuously to a few
worthless fields, cultivation of which was sarcastically equated with penal servitude in “Botany” Bay. (d) “Deer Park,” two
fields to which the name is occasionally applied. (e) Currach na gCapall, “Wet Place (marsh) of the Horses.”
This parish contains only two townlands (one of them in two parts). Indeed it is only in a modified sense that it can be
considered a parish at all - in the sense, namely, that it furnished name and revenue to a prebend, or canonry, in the
Chapter of Waterford. The parish has no proper church, and was doubtless of comparatively late formation. TP95PT
“Calendar of Irish Saints.” p.94.
CORBALLY, Corr an Bhaile - “Point (Peak) of the Homestead.” The townland is sub-divided into two nearly equal parts -
C. more and C. beg. Total area, 508 acres. S.DD. (a) Garraí an Chamáin - “Garden of the Hurley,” from its shape. (b)
Bán na Sráide - “Field of the Street.” “Street” is used in the sense of “village.” The name is of frequent occurrence in
places where, as in the present instance, there is now not a house, or sign of one, remaining. Hundreds of these
“streets” disappeared in black ‘47 and subsequent years. (c) Carrickadun (Ord. Map), Carraig an Dúin - “Rock of the
Dun.” Dun is primarily a fort, but in the present instance, as in scores of similar cases in Co. Waterford, the word is
applied, in a secondary sense, to rounded dome-like hills of no great elevation, such as would be chosen by a primitive
people for fortification or residence. (d) Sean Mhuileann - “Old Mill,” at western extremity of the townland. (e) Gleann
Mionnáin - Apparently, “Kid’s Glen” ; more likely, “Glen of the Jacksnipe.” (f) Gleann an Dodaigh - “Dodd’s Glen,”
forming boundary between this townland and Kilmacleauge East. (g) An Sprid (Spiorad)- “The Spirit”; a field frequented
by a ghost and regarded with popular and appropriate dread. (h) Bóithrín an Sweep. (i) An Cnoc, a sub-division.
O’Donovan makes it Cúl Lom - “Bare Ridge” (Headland). The greater portion of this townland is in Rathmoylan parish.
Area of the Corbally portion, 155 acres. “Cooleham als Coolum” (A.S. & E.). Cootum. O’Donovan makes it Cúl Lom -
“Bare Ridge.” (Headland). S.D.D. (a) Cloonliamgowl (Ord. Map), Cuan ’ Liam Gallda - “Harbour of William the
Foreigner.” The foreigner, according to local belief is William of Orange, some of whose followers are represented as
having landed here! Near low water mark are some foundations of what would appear to have been a stone built pier.
The headland enclosing the little haven on the east was defended on the land side by a double earthen wall, of pre-
historic character, thrown across its neck. The entrenchment seems to have been strengthened in its interior by stone, a
large quantity of which a neighbouring farmer extracted from it. Portions of the ruinous wall still rise to the height of
nearly eighteen feet. Between the wall and the sea lies half an acre of level saxifrage-covered sward, the former
encampment of an ancient colony. Formerly no doubt the space enclosed was much larger ; the encroachment of the
ocean along this coast is very marked and the yearly tribute of the cliffs to the Atlantic very considerable. The fortified
headland is known as “Oileán ’ Liam Gallda.” (b) Uaimh an Chasáin - “Cave of the Pathway.” (c) “Palm Oil Hole,” so
called from wreck here of a ship laden with the commodity named. (d) “Flour Hole,” where a flour laden vessel met her
doom. (e) Benlea Head (Ord. Map) ; Beann Liath - “Grey Headland”; the official name is tautological.
The church was impropriate in the adjoining Preceptory of Knights Templars. Of the latter only an insignificant portion of
a strong castle survives. Beside this is a well sacred to St. John Baptist, to whom the church also appears to have been
dedicated. The church ruin has in its east gable a triple-light window of early English character, so that in all probability
the building dates from the earliest post-invasion period. For a fuller account of the church, &c., see Journal of the
R.S.A.I., Vol. I., Series 5.
BALLYDAVID, Baile Dháithí - “David’s Homestead.” Area, 227 acres. S.D. Lisaniska (O.M.), Lios an Uisce - “Water Lios.”